The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United
States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive
departments. The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through
the regulation and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements,
prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs (medications), vaccines, biopharmaceuticals,
blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices (ERED),
cosmetics, animal foods & feed and veterinary products.
The FDA was empowered by the United States Congress to enforce the Federal Food, Drug,
and Cosmetic Act, which serves as the primary focus for the Agency; the FDA also enforces
other laws, notably Section 361 of the Public Health Service Act and associated regulations,
many of which are not directly related to food or drugs. These include regulating
lasers, cellular phones, condoms and control of disease on products ranging from certain
household pets to sperm donation for assisted reproduction.